When someone has an unexpected reaction to cocaine, withdrawal, or an overdose, it is called cocaine toxicity. The majority of emergency room visits due to cocaine is actually due to an unexpected reaction rather than overdose. This unexpected reaction can be a first time reaction or something more chronic.
It is just as likely to be due to too much cocaine as it is to mixing cocaine with other drugs or alcohol. This is a very dangerous condition that can get worse the more often it happens.
What Happens During a Cocaine Toxic Reaction
According to Medscape, cocaine toxicity affects multiple systems in the body. The primary systems that are damaged are:
- mental status
- central nervous system
- peripheral nervous system
- circulatory system particularly the heart and blood pressure
- pulmonary system particularly the lungs
Some of the symptoms associated with cocaine toxicity are:
- intracranial bleeding
- chest pain
- heart attack
- nose bleed or palate bleeding associated with a intracranial hemerage
- suicidal ideation
- severe aggression
- distorted perception
- arrhythmia with or without an enlarged heart
These are just a few of the symptoms that an emergency room or treatment center will check for when trying to diagnose a toxic reaction to cocaine. Many of the symptoms mimic other diseases such as thyroid issues so without a known history of cocaine use, it can be very difficult to diagnose and treat properly until it is too late.
If you use cocaine it is best to find treatment for your addiction before you reach a point of cocaine toxicity. You can do this by calling 800-654-0987.
Treatment for Cocaine Intoxication
There is no specific treatment for cocaine toxicity. It can only be treated with supportive care. Supportive care is simply treating the symptoms as they come up. Many doctors treat cocaine intoxication with:
- respiratory support such as oxygen
- IV fluids
- Supportive medications such as benzodiazepine and blood pressure medications
According to the National Library of Medicine, doctors will often recommend long term drug therapy as soon as the emergency symptoms are under control.
Cocaine Toxicity and Cocaine Addiction
Cocaine toxicity and cocaine addiction are not the same. It is possible to have a toxic reaction the first time you use cocaine or the 100th time. It is important to remember that once you have a toxic reaction you are more likely to have another. This is why it is necessary to seek long term drug treatment after a toxic reaction.
Cocaine addiction is treated through:
- Inpatient or outpatient therapy
- Individual and group counseling
- Supportive medications
- Correction of permanent side effects of cocaine toxicity.
A few of the permanent complications of a toxic reaction are:
- Brain damage
- Chronic psychosis
- Chronic cardiac damage
- Kidney failure
- Chronic muscle and joint problems
During addiction treatment some of these permanent effects are at least treatable. It is important to find a treatment center that can deal with this form of toxicity. To find one call us at 800-654-0987. We can help you find the cocaine rehabilitation center you need.