Drug & Alcohol Rehabs in
Honolulu, HI

 Honolulu Hawaii Drug Alcohol Rehab
From the mountains to the coast, there are numerous drug and alcohol rehabs in Honolulu, Hawaii, located in different areas of the city. You can choose a rehab that suits your lifestyle and needs. Most of the rehabs in Honolulu have popular features, including multiple recovery approaches, financial accessibility, a variety of settings, and services to help with your recovery.

Find Rehab Centers in Honolulu

Thumbnail Name Address Phone Treatment Insurance
The Salvation Army Family Treatment Center

845 22nd Avenue
Honolulu, HI 96816

808-732-2802 Outpatient Detox Inpatient Private Medicaid
The Salvation Army Adult Rehabilitation Center Hanolulu

322 Sumner Street
Honolulu, HI 96817

808-522-8400 Outpatient Inpatient Medicaid Private
Hina Mauka Teen Care W Radford High School

4361 Salt Lake Boulevard
Honolulu, HI 96818

808-236-2600 Outpatient Free
YMCA of Honolulu

1335 Kalihi Street
Honolulu, Hawaii 96819

808-848-2494 Outpatient Free
Kalihi Palama Community Mental Health Center

1700 Lanakila Avenue
Honolulu, HI 96817

808-832-5800 Outpatient Medicaid Private
YMCA of Honolulu Moanalua High School

2825 Ala Ilima Street
Honolulu, HI 96818

808-848-2494 Outpatient Free
Office of Youth Center OYC

707 Richards Street
Honolulu, HI 96813

808-955-8821 N/A Medicaid
YMCA of Honolulu Dole Middle School

1803 Kamehameha IV Road
Honolulu, HI 96819

808-848-2494 Outpatient Free
Sand Island Treatment Kline Welsh Behavioral Health

40 Sand Island Parkway
Honolulu, HI 96819

808-841-2319 Detox Inpatient Outpatient Medicaid Private
Action with Aloha United Way Building

200 North Vineyard Boulevard
Honolulu, HI 96817

808-484-4489 Outpatient Medicaid Private
Catholic Charities Hawaii Honolulu

1822 Ke’eaumoku Street
Honolulu, HI 96822

808-961-7050 Outpatient Medicaid Private
Alakai Na Keiki

1100 Alakea Street
Honolulu, HI 96813

808-523-7771 Outpatient Medicaid Private
Tripler Army Medical Center

1 Jarrett White Road
Honolulu, HI 96819

808-433-6661 Outpatient Detox Inpatient Medicaid Free Private
Teen Challenge Oahu Christian Life School

1146 Elm Street
Honolulu, HI 96814

808-589-0013 Outpatient Medicaid Private Free
YMCA of Honolulu Farrington High School

1564 North King Street
Honolulu, HI 96817

808-848-2494 Outpatient Free
YMCA of Honolulu McKinley High School

1039 South King Street
Honolulu, HI 96814

808-848-2494 Outpatient Free Private
YMCA of Honolulu Kalihi Branch

1335 Kalihi Street
Honolulu, HI 96819

808-848-2494 Outpatient Free
Hope Honolulu

1545 Linapuni Street
Honolulu, HI 96819

808-678-3323 Outpatient Detox Inpatient Medicaid Private
The Salvation Army Addiction Treatment Services

3624 Waokanaka Street
Honolulu, HI 96817

808-595-6371 Outpatient Detox Inpatient Private
Oxford House Kalihi Valley

1624 Violet Street
Honolulu, HI 96819

808-842-1817 N/A N/A

1130 North Nimitz Highway
Honolulu, HI 96817

808-521-7770 Outpatient Medicaid
Naval Health Clinic Hawaii Shipyard Medical

490 Central Avenue
Honolulu, HI 96860

888-683-2778 Outpatient Detox Inpatient Free
Institute for Family Enrichment William Jarrett Middle School

1903 Palolo Avenue
Honolulu, HI 96816

808-733-4888 Outpatient Free
The Queens Medical Center Behavioral Health Psychiatry

1301 Punchbowl Street
Honolulu, HI 96813

808-691-7878 Outpatient Inpatient Medicaid Private
CARE Hawaii

875 Waimanu Street
Honolulu, HI 96813

808-533-3936 Outpatient Medicaid Private
YMCA of Honolulu Kawananakoa Middle School

49 Funchal Street
Honolulu, HI 96813

808-848-2494 Outpatient Free
Oahu First Circuit Drug Court Kaahumanu Hale

777 Punchbowl Street
Honolulu, HI 96813

808-539-4767 Outpatient N/A
Island Integrated Health

1600 Kapiolani Boulevard
Honolulu, HI 96814

808-220-8185 Outpatient Private Medicaid
CARE Hawaii

875 Waimanu Street
Honolulu, HI 96813

808-533-3936 Outpatient Medicaid Private
VA Pacific Islands Health Care System Spark M Matsunaga VAMC

459 Patterson Road
Honolulu, HI 96819

800-214-1306 Detox Outpatient Inpatient Medicaid Free Private
Hina Mauka Teen Care Aliamanu Middle School

3271 Salt Lake Boulevard
Honolulu, HI 96818

808-421-4100 Outpatient Free
CARE Hawaii

875 Waimanu Street
Honolulu, HI 96813

808-533-3936 Outpatient Inpatient Medicaid Private
Attorneys and Judges Assistance Program

212 Merchant Street
Honolulu, HI 96813

808-531-2880 Outpatient N/A
Ku Aloha Ola Mau

1130 North Nimitz Highway
Honolulu, HI 96817

808-538-0704 Outpatient Detox Medicaid Private
Mental Health Kokua Maui County

1221 Kapiolani Boulevard
Honolulu, HI 96814

808-737-2523 Outpatient Medicaid Private
YMCA of Honolulu Kaimuki High School

2705 Kaimuki Avenue
Honolulu, HI 96816

808-848-2494 Outpatient Free
Institute for Human Services

546 Kaaahi Street
Honolulu, HI 96817

808-447-2800 Outpatient Inpatient Medicaid
Kokua Kalihi Valley Medical and Behavioral Health Services

2239 North School Street
Honolulu, HI 96819

808-988-2188 Outpatient N/A
CTA banner
If you or someone you love is experiencing a substance use disorder, help is available.
Phone icon800-926-9037
Info iconWho Answers?

Find More Addiction Centers Near Honolulu

View more listings near Honolulu or search by the letter of cities in Hawaii.

Kailua Aiea Kaneohe Kaneohe Bay Pearl City Ewa Beach Mililani Waipahu
View More (A)

Honolulu, Hawaii Alcohol and Drug Use Statistics

Statistics from the 2018-2020 National Survey on Drug and Alcohol Use conducted by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) showed the following for people 18 years and older in Honolulu, Hawaii:1

From 2018 to 2020, national data showed that less than 1% of people 26 years and older in Honolulu, Hawaii reported heroin use in the past year.1

Cost of Drug Rehab in Honolulu, Hawaii

HonoluluThe cost of rehab in Honolulu, Hawaii will depend on various factors like the location, the type of treatment setting, the treatment approach, and the number of substances being treated. Your rehab may cost more if you choose a location with a high socioeconomic status.2 If you need treatment for more than one substance, you may pay extra for every additional substance.3 Most of the rehabs in Honolulu offer treatment in several settings and deliver rehab using multiple approaches. Your choice of service setting and treatment approach can increase the rehab fee. For example, you may pay more for treatment in an inpatient setting than in an outpatient setting.4

Low-Cost and Free Rehabs in Honolulu, Hawaii

More than half of the rehabs in Hawaii provide treatment at a low cost or no cost to people who cannot afford treatment.5 State-funded rehabs, for example, receive funding from the government and can provide low-cost or free treatments to low-income residents of Hawaii. Medicaid is a joint state-federal program that can provide funding assistance for eligible individuals to attend drug and alcohol rehab in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Medicaid and Medicare

The cost of rehab shouldn’t be a barrier to drug and alcohol treatment in Honolulu, Hawaii. You may be eligible for the Hawaii Medicaid program if you are a child, pregnant, a former foster care child, a parent of eligible children, elderly, blind, have a low income, or have a disability.6

If you have a low income and qualify for Medicaid, you may receive benefits to cover at least some of the cost of rehab. Med-QUEST is a division of the State of Hawaii’s Department of Human Services that provides Medicaid benefits to eligible people. Med-QUEST will help with your rehab fees by covering the following benefits:7

Medicare in Hawaii also covers certain addiction treatment services, either partially or fully.

Private Insurance

You do not have to pay for all of your rehab fees if you have health insurance. Instead, you can use your insurance to pay for rehab and reduce the cost significantly. The Affordable Care Act (ACA) and the Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act (MHPAEA) require private insurers to cover rehab to the same extent as medical and surgical conditions.8 You can expect your insurance to cover at least part of the cost of rehab.

How Do I Pay for Addiction Treatment in Honolulu, Hawaii?

You still have options that make rehab affordable in Honolulu, Hawaii, even if the free rehabs are full, you don’t qualify for a free rehab, or have no insurance. Many rehab facilities offer payment plans, rehab scholarships, grants, or sliding scale programs.9

Choose a Program That Offers Payment Plans: A payment plan helps you spread the payment of the rehab fee over several months instead of needing to make a one-time, lump-sum payment up front. If you can’t afford the high rehab fees, a payment plan is a great option because it enables you to pay a reasonable amount each month until you finish paying off the entire bill. A payment plan can make rehab financially accessible because you and the facility can work together to determine the payment period and how much you pay at each payment.

Apply for a Rehab Scholarship: Rehab scholarships are funds provided to patients by the rehab program that cover some or all of the treatment costs. Rehab scholarships are typically available for people who cannot afford to pay for treatment. However, you have to be careful when accepting a rehab scholarship. If you don’t complete the program, some rehabs will take the scholarship back, and you’ll have to pay for the treatment yourself.10 Make sure to ask about the terms of the scholarship before you accept the scholarship.

Sliding Scale Rehab Program: A sliding scale rehab program is a good option if you have limited income and no insurance, but can pay only a fraction of the rehab fee.11A sliding scale rehab program will accommodate your financial situation by adjusting its fees. The rehab will charge a discounted price based on your financial resources. The sliding scale rehab will use your income and other financial resources to determine if you qualify for a discount.11 If you find a drug or alcohol rehab in Honolulu offering sliding scale financing opportunities that suit you, it’s best to call them directly to discuss the details of their discounts.

Popular Drug and Alcohol Rehab Centers in Honolulu, Hawaii

The rehab centers in Honolulu offer services, typically including identification, intervention, assessment, diagnosis, counseling, medical services, psychiatric services, psychological services, and individual follow-up for persons with substance misuse problems.12 Honolulu is home to numerous drug and alcohol rehabs located in diverse neighborhoods. Their range of locales includes scenic ocean front, mountain ranges, and urban areas with plenty of shops and restaurants.

Many Honolulu rehabs are popular because of their location, amenities, and variety of treatment approaches. However, your decision to attend a rehab in Honolulu will depend on your lifestyle, needs, and personal preferences. A few of the popular Honolulu rehabs with quality features are listed here.

YMCA of Honolulu Moanalua Middle School

YMCA of Honolulu Moanalua Middle School is a private nonprofit organization in Honolulu, Hawaii, that offers substance misuse treatment in outpatient and intensive outpatient settings. If you have limited financial resources, this YMCA rehab may be a good option. The YMCA of Honolulu Moanalua Middle School accepts federal or government funding for substance misuse and payment assistance. Additionally, they provide free services. You can choose from many treatment approaches, including:

Salvation Army Addiction Treatment Services

Salvation Army Addiction Treatment Services is a private nonprofit rehab in Honolulu, Hawaii, with substance misuse treatment and detox services. A great feature about Salvation Army Addiction Treatment is that they offer treatment in almost every setting, including:

As you move through the different levels of care, you can expect support from transitional services like aftercare/continuing care, discharge planning, and outcome follow-up after discharge. You have access to several detox programs at the Salvation Army, including alcohol detox, cocaine detox, methamphetamine detox, and opioid detox.

CARE Hawaii Inc Honolulu Care Dual Diagnosis

CARE Hawaii Inc Honolulu Care Dual Diagnosis is a private for-profit organization that offers substance abuse and dual diagnosis treatment. You can receive treatment via several service settings, including outpatient, intensive outpatient, outpatient day treatment or partial hospitalization, and regular outpatient. CARE Hawaii supports transitions between these service settings with aftercare/continuing care, Naloxone and overdose education, discharge planning, and outcome follow-up after discharge.

There are few financial barriers to treatment at CARE Hawaii since they accept most funding types, including:

At CARE Hawaii, you can choose from many treatment approaches, such as:

YMCA of Honolulu Kawananakoa Middle School

YMCA of Honolulu Kawananakoa Middle School is a private nonprofit organization that offers drug and alcohol rehab in Honolulu, Hawaii. You can expect treatment in an outpatient and intensive outpatient setting. This YMCA only accepts federal or government funding for substance abuse. However, it could be a great option if you have a low income because they provide free services and payment assistance.

You can choose from the following treatment approaches at the YMCA of Honolulu Kawananakoa:

The YMCA provides support services like case management service, childcare for your children, social skills development, and transportation assistance to make your experience less challenging. As you transition from one level of care to the next, the YMCA of Honolulu Kawananakoa offers aftercare/continuing care, discharge planning, and outcome follow-up after discharge to make the transitions easier.

Inpatient vs. Outpatient Drug Rehab in Honolulu, Hawaii

Inpatient rehab in Honolulu, Hawaii, is an intensive treatment in a hospital with an interdisciplinary team. Outpatient rehab is often nearly as intense but less restrictive and does not require hospitalization. If you have severe substance use disorder, inpatient rehab is typically the initial level of care after completing treatment to manage withdrawal symptoms.13

Outpatient rehab usually follows inpatient rehab for severe cases. You can also expect differences in the time spent at inpatient versus outpatient rehab in Honolulu, Hawaii. Inpatient rehab usually involves staying one to three months in the facility.

Whereas outpatient rehab may be two to five days a week for a few months in an intensive outpatient program or one to two sessions a month in the traditional outpatient program. You can expect more free time with an outpatient than the inpatient rehab. With the flexible schedule of outpatient programs, you can maintain some commitments during rehab. Inpatient programs are by and large more expensive than outpatient programs.

Benefits of Inpatient Addiction Treatment

The inpatient addiction treatment offers several benefits, including:

Benefits of Outpatient Addiction Treatment

Outpatient rehabs offer the following benefits:

Types of Drug and Alcohol Rehabs in Honolulu, Hawaii

The number of rehabs in Honolulu, Hawaii, offers patients a choice and enables them to attend one that aligns best with their beliefs, values, and lifestyle. The diverse types of drug and alcohol rehabs in Honolulu, Hawaii, include holistic rehab, Christian and faith-based rehab, luxury rehab, and executive rehab. You can review the characteristics of each to determine the most suitable type of drug and alcohol rehab for you in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Holistic Rehab

Holistic rehabs treat every aspect of your health, addressing health problems in your body, mind, spirit, and social life. With your permission, providers at a holistic rehab may contact other professionals who can address issues outside the scope of the rehab center.
You can expect to receive the following interventions from a holistic rehab:14

  • Value of social support
  • Dealing with stress
  • Education on the consequences of smoking and the benefits of smoking cessation
  • Healthy nutrition
  • Importance of physical activity
  • Preventing weight gain when you stop smoking
  • Importance of spirituality

Faith-Based Rehab

Christian and faith-based rehabs incorporate religious beliefs, principles, and practices in rehab interventions. Major religions like Christianity, Judaism, and Islam may be integrated into faith-based rehabs. This is a great approach to treatment if you rely on your faith and religious beliefs to get through challenging times. Furthermore, research has shown positive recovery outcomes from interventions that incorporate faith and religion.15

Luxury Rehab

Luxury rehabs are luxurious private suites with opulent amenities where wealthy people go for drug and alcohol use disorder treatment. You can expect lavish suites with marble bathrooms, picturesque views, round-the-clock service from top-notch professionals, limousine service, butlers, and private chefs at a luxury rehab. Clients at luxury rehabs include politicians, business magnates, royalty from the Middle East, and A-list celebrities. The fees for a luxury rehab far exceed that of typical drug and alcohol treatment centers. You can expect to pay from $25,000 to several hundred thousand dollars for one month’s treatment.16

Executive Rehab

Executive rehabs are drug and alcohol treatment centers that provide rehab for executive-level business people. As a high-level business executive, you may not be able to take time off or would like to avoid having information about your alcohol and drug treatment leaked to your work colleagues. You can expect to receive rehab discreetly and continue to work in an executive rehab. However, you must be willing to pay the high cost of a private rehab setting with conference rooms and other amenities that you can use for work. Executive rehabs may cost up to or more than $50,000 a month.17

Dual Diagnosis Rehab
You may be at risk of developing a mental health condition if you have a substance use disorder.18 A substance use disorder that co-occurs with a mental health condition is a dual diagnosis. You may develop a dual diagnosis because substance use exacerbates mental illness. You may also be using drugs or alcohol to self-medicate an existing condition. Dual diagnosis rehabs simultaneously treat substance use disorder (SUD) and the mental health condition. Treatment of both together often helps lessen the chances of complications, such as hospitalization, or relapse.18

  • Depression and Addiction: If you have depression and addiction, you are not alone. One study showed that a third of patients with alcohol use disorder also had major depressive disorder.19 A dual diagnosis of depression and addiction may present challenges, but it shouldn’t be an insurmountable stumbling block in your recovery, especially if you receive treatment for both simultaneously. Several interventions are available to effectively treat co-occurring depression and addictions, including Alcoholic Anonymous (AA), motivational interviewing, and cognitive behavioral therapy.19
  • Anxiety and Drug Addiction: Having both anxiety and addiction is common because many people use substances to self-medicate and cope with their anxiety. For example, people with anxiety are two to three times more likely to have a drug or alcohol use disorder than those without anxiety. Interventions for the dual diagnosis of anxiety and addiction include cognitive behavioral therapy and support groups.20
  • PTSD and Alcohol and Drug Addiction: A dual diagnosis of PTSD and addiction is common, particularly among veterans. More than 20% of veterans with PTSD also have an addiction. Moreover, a third of veterans seeking addiction treatment also have PTSD. Relapse prevention, contingency management, and cognitive behavioral therapy are the most effective treatments for PTSD and addiction.21
  • Bipolar Disorder and Substance Use Disorder: Bipolar disorder and addiction co-occurrence have a 22%-59% chance of developing in the life of people with bipolar disorder. You may be more likely to be admitted to a hospital if you have co-occurring bipolar disorder and addiction. You can expect to receive both therapy and medications if you have a dual diagnosis of bipolar and addiction.22
  • Personality Disorders and Addiction: Most people in rehab have co-occurring personality disorders. About 35%-73% of people receiving addiction treatment in studies have co-occurring personality disorders. However, personality disorders are more common among people who use drugs than those who use alcohol. You can expect treatment with psychotherapy if you have a dual diagnosis of addiction and personality disorder.23
  • Types of Addiction Therapy Used in Rehab

    Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

    Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) helps you to explore the consequences of addiction and change unhealthy behaviors. You can expect to take part in 12-24 CBT sessions. These sessions will equip you with strategies to help you avoid relapse.13

    Dialectical Behavior Therapy

    Dialectical behavior therapy helps you manage cravings using mindfulness. This intervention has been used with spiritual, cultural, and traditional practices. You can expect dialectical behavior therapy to be effective in treating your addiction. 13

    Motivational Enhancement Therapy

    Motivational enhancement therapy is a type of counseling that helps you deal with ambivalence about discontinuing drug and alcohol use. Your counselor will help you recognize discrepancies between your unhealthy habits and goals. This approach helps to prevent relapse and reduce drug and alcohol use.13

    Contingency Management

    Contingency management uses rewards and incentives to encourage you to change your behavior. You can expect better outcomes if you combine contingency management with CBT and motivational enhancement therapy.13

    Group Therapy

    Group therapy is a counseling approach that helps you develop the right skills for healthy behavior. You can expect your group to consist of five to 15 people.24 Your group members may be a support network and a sounding board and can offer insight into how others have managed and treated their addiction.

    Family Therapy

    Drug and alcohol use can affect your entire family. Family therapy works with everyone in your family to help resolve communication issues and curb improper influences and unhealthy behaviors.13

    Should I Travel to Honolulu, Hawaii for Drug and Alcohol Rehab?

    HonoluluYour decision to travel to Honolulu, Hawaii, for drug and alcohol rehab may depend on your personal preferences and lifestyle. Reasons for traveling to Honolulu for rehab may include the following:

    Neighborhoods in Honolulu To Consider for Treatment

    There are many neighborhoods in Honolulu to consider visiting or selecting a rehab in the vicinity depending on your preference and needs.25


    Waikiki is a popular neighborhood in Honolulu, Hawaii, near the beach with famous restaurants, retail shops, and a vibrant nightlife. Waikiki is famous for Kalakaua Avenue, with its bright lights and high-end shops that simulate The Strip. You should consider Waikiki if you want to enjoy the beach during rehab.

    Ala Moana

    Ala Moana is part of the main commercial district in Honolulu, Hawaii. This neighborhood is famous for Japanese food, the Ala Moana shopping center, and nightclubs. Ala Moana should be at the top of your list if you want to enjoy shopping and choose from many fun dining options during rehab.

    Kaimuki and Kapahulu

    Kaimuki and Kapahulu are known for having the best restaurants in Honolulu, Hawaii. You will find organic restaurants, ramen shops, legendary bakeries and seafood eateries in this neighborhood. You should consider this neighborhood if you are a foodie.


    Chinatown is considered Honolulu’s art district. It is famous for the Chinatown Artists’ Loft, which displays of the work of local artists. You should consider Chinatown if you want to Chinese culture and art during rehab.

    Alcohol and Drug Laws in Honolulu, Hawaii

    Hawaii has several alcohol and drug laws designed to help people with substance use disorder. These laws protect people from legal problems and improve access to rehab.

    Good Samaritan Overdose Prevention: HB 393 is a Good Samaritan overdose prevention law in Hawaii that protects you from prosecution, arrest, or criminal charges when you help someone experiencing an overdose. You don’t have to be concerned about criminal punishment in emergency situations involving drug use. This law shields you from punishment when you get help for yourself or family members during an emergency with controlled substances.26

    Veterans Treatment Court: Hawaii has a veterans treatment court to help veterans with drug and alcohol use disorder get the treatment and resources they need for a healthy and productive life.27 The judge and staff at the court help veterans by providing assessments and treatments for substance use. You can expect to undergo a urine test regularly and report to the court every Friday to remain in the program.

    Hawaii’s Drug Court Program: Hawaii’s Drug Court Program offers pre-trial defendants with access to drug and alcohol rehab as a form of probation. In this program, you can expect to learn social and life skills, receive therapy, and seek employment or enrollment in an academic institution. Hawaii’s Drug Court Program offers rehab and accountability through the court system.28


    1. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (n.d.). 2018-2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Age Group Tables, Percentages.
    2. Mericle, A. A., Karriker-Jaffe, K., Patterson, D., Mahoney, E., Cooperman, L., & Polcin, D. L. (2020). Recovery in context: Sober living houses and the ecology of recovery. Journal of Community Psychology, 48(8), 2589–2607.
    3. Peterson, C., Li, M., Xu, L., Mikosz, C. A., & Luo, F. (2021). Assessment of Annual Cost of Substance Use Disorder in US Hospitals. JAMA Network Open, 4(3), e210242.
    4. National Center for Drug Abuse Statistics. (2022). Average cost of drug rehab.
    5. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2022). National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services (N-SSATS): 2020. Data on substance abuse treatment facilities.
    6. State of Hawaii Med-Quest Division. (2021). What is Medicaid.
    7. State of Hawaii Med-Quest Division. (2021). Quest Integration Benefits.
    8. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. (2021). Mental health and substance use insurance help.
    9. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (2022). Access To Recovery.
    10. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2022). Alcohol and Drug Abuse Treatment.
    11. Health Resources & Services Administration. (2018). Chapter 9: Sliding Fee Discount Program.
    12. State of Hawaii Department of Health. Alcohol and Drug Abuse Treatment.
    13. US Department of Health and Human Services. (2016). Facing addiction in America: The Surgeon General’s Report on Alcohol, Drugs, and Health. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (US).
    14. Marchand, K., Beaumont, S., Westfall, J., MacDonald, S., Harrison, S., Marsh, D. C., Schechter, M. T., & Oviedo-Joekes, E. (2019). Conceptualizing patient-centered care for substance use disorder treatment: Findings from a systematic scoping review. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, 14(1), 37.
    15. Grim, B. J., & Grim, M. E. (2019). Belief, Behavior, and Belonging: How Faith is Indispensable in Preventing and Recovering from Substance Abuse. Journal of Religion and Health, 58(5), 1713–1750.
    16. Vice. (2022). Inside the Drug Rehab for the World’s Super Rich.
    17. Sullivan, P. (2018). For Executives, Addiction Recovery in the Lap of Luxury.
    18. Substance Abuse and Health Services Administration. (2022). Co-Occurring Disorders and Other Health Conditions.
    19. McHugh, R. K., & Weiss, R. D. (2019). Alcohol Use Disorder and Depressive Disorders. Alcohol research: Current reviews, 40(1), arcr.v40.1.01.
    20. Anxiety & Depression Association of America. (2022). Substance Use.
    21. U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. (2022). PTSD and Substance Abuse in Veterans.
    22. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2016). An Introduction to Bipolar Disorder and Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorders.
    23. Parmar, A., & Kaloiya, G. (2018). Comorbidity of Personality Disorder among Substance Use Disorder Patients: A Narrative Review. Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine, 40(6), 517–527.
    24. American Psychological Association. (2019). Psychotherapy: Understanding group therapy.
    25. Jet Set Times. (2020). 8 Honolulu Neighborhoods: A Breakdown MADE For Travelers – Jetset Times.
    26. House of Representative. (2013). A Bill For an Act Relating to Medical Amnesty.
    27. Hawaii State Judiciary. (2022). Veterans Treatment Court.
    28. The Senate Twenty-First Legislature. (2001). SB No. 784: A bill for an act relating to judiciary.