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Dextroamphetamine is a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant medication prescribed to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy, a disorder that causes sudden bouts of sleep and daytime sleepiness. Dextroamphetamine can be habit-forming, and chronic misuse could lead to addiction.1 If you are struggling with dextroamphetamine addiction, an inpatient rehab center can help jumpstart your recovery in a safe and structured environment, away from potential distractions and triggers.
In this Article:
How Addictive is Dextroamphetamine?
Dextroamphetamine is classified by the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) as a Schedule II substance with a high potential for misuse, dependence, and addiction.2 It is often misused for its euphoric effects and ability to heighten alertness and concentration.3
Dextroamphetamine abuse is common among college students who may take the drug to improve focus and academic performance. Those who are legally prescribed dextroamphetamine may end up misusing it as well, usually by taking higher or more frequent doses or sometimes by snorting or injecting the drug.3
Dextroamphetamine releases dopamine and norepinephrine, two neurotransmitters responsible for feelings of pleasure and increased energy and alertness. As you continue to use the drug, your brain becomes accustomed to the increased dopamine and norepinephrine, leading to dependence where you no longer feel normal without it. 3 This dependence continues as you develop tolerance to the drug and need higher doses to achieve the same effect.
The risk of developing dextroamphetamine addiction is much higher after dependence forms. As dextroamphetamine often leaves users with a crash when the drug wears off, the user may continue using it to feel better rather than taking it as intended, creating a cycle of addiction.2 An indicator of addiction could be continuing to misuse dextroamphetamine despite feeling unpleasant or dangerous side effects, such as irregular heartbeat, stomach pain, or heightened anxiety.1
Because dextroamphetamine is a stimulant, overusing or misusing the medication could cause serious heart problems and sudden death.1 For this reason, it is vital to seek help as soon as possible if you are struggling with dextroamphetamine abuse.
What is an Inpatient Dextroamphetamine Rehab?
Inpatient dextroamphetamine treatment takes place in a facility where patients reside in the facility 24/7, for a designated period, usually ranging from 30-90 days, but sometimes longer in some cases. Long-term residential treatment centers have lengths of stay of 6-12 months or longer for those with severe addictions.4
Inpatient dextroamphetamine rehab provides patients with a wide range of therapies and interventions, depending on the rehab’s philosophy and treatment approach. Some commonly offered treatment interventions at inpatient dextroamphetamine rehab centers include: 4
- Detoxification services and treatment
- Individual psychotherapy
- Group counseling
- Family therapy
- 12-step programs
- Non-12-step peer support groups
- Medications for co-occurring mental health disorders like ADHD
- Holistic treatments and services
Co-Occurring ADHD and Dextroamphetamine Addiction
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder that usually manifests in childhood but can persist into adolescence and adulthood.5 ADHD and dextroamphetamine addiction often co-occur. People may be prescribed dextroamphetamine for ADHD and start to misuse it by taking too much, mixing it with other drugs, or injecting or snorting it and developing an addiction. On the other hand, people without a prescription may take the drug as self-medication for undiagnosed ADHD symptoms or to get high or stay up late to study or party.6
People with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder are five times more likely to develop a substance use disorder (SUD) than the general population.5 Researchers have also found that as many as 25% of people with ADHD misuse their psychostimulant medications.3
Dual Diagnosis Treatment for Co-Occurring ADHD and Dextroamphetamine Addiction
Dual diagnosis treatment in an inpatient rehab setting is recommended for those with co-occurring ADHD and dextroamphetamine addiction. Dual diagnosis is comprehensive and will address the symptoms of both conditions simultaneously to help you achieve recovery.5
Psychotherapy is an important component of the treatment process and will be a regular part of your stay in inpatient rehab. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) can help you address underlying reasons for substance use, learn how to cope with triggers, and develop self-awareness and coping skills for ADHD symptoms.6
Your medical team in inpatient rehab may avoid prescribing you short-acting stimulants like dextroamphetamine and instead prescribe you a long-acting stimulant such as Concerta or Vyvanse to avoid the rush and rebound effects of other stimulants.5 Non-stimulant ADHD medications are also available and may be the best option for those with a history of stimulant addiction. Some non-stimulant ADHD medications include atomoxetine (Strattera), guanfacine (Intuniv), and clonidine (Kapvay).3
Benefits of Inpatient Care
Inpatient dextroamphetamine addiction treatment offers a plethora of benefits to patients including:4
- Substance-free environment
- Highly structured care
- Rigid routine
- 24/7 supervision
- Ability to remain separate from your usual environment during the recovery process
- Little to no exposure to outside stressors or triggers to use
- Peaceful setting focused on treatment
- Variety of treatment methods offered
- Ongoing access to treatment providers and support
- Peer support from other patients in recovery
- Time and freedom to focus solely on you and your recovery
Do I Need Inpatient Dextroamphetamine Rehab?
Inpatient dextroamphetamine rehab is not for everyone. Generally, inpatient dextroamphetamine addiction treatment is best suited for those with:4
- Severe or long-term dextroamphetamine addiction
- Co-occurring mental health disorders, such as ADHD
- Co-occurring medical conditions
- Need for 24/7 monitoring and support
- History of relapse
- History of severe withdrawal symptoms
- Unstable home environment
- Lack of support system at home
- Preference for extra structure and routine
- Insurance or other financial ability to pay for treatment
- Ability to remain in the facility for a long time without needing to attend to personal or professional responsibilities such as work, school, or childcare.
How to Choose an Inpatient Dextroamphetamine Rehab
There are a variety of inpatient rehab centers available for those with dextroamphetamine addiction. It can be challenging to decide which treatment center is right for you. It ultimately depends on your unique needs, priorities, and treatment preferences.
Some factors you may want to consider when choosing an inpatient rehab facility include:
- Cost: Inpatient addiction treatment can be costly. It is important to find an affordable treatment center that preferably accepts any insurance coverage you may have to help pay for treatment.
- Location and Setting: Location is an essential factor when choosing a treatment center. Do you prefer a treatment center close to home, or are you okay with traveling a certain distance if the treatment center meets your other needs? Would you like to be near the beach, mountains, or in the city?
- Target demographic: Some inpatient facilities are geared toward certain groups of people, including LGBTQ+, teenagers, or veterans.
- Treatment modalities: Consider the therapies and interventions offered by the treatment center and whether they meet your needs. If you seek a specific type of therapy, it is important to look for rehab centers that offer that intervention.
- Treatment philosophy: Consider the treatment philosophy of the rehab center and whether it aligns with your personal beliefs and treatment goals. Some people may wish to attend treatment centers with a religious or spiritual approach to healing, while others may benefit from a more secular approach.
- Amenities and Features: There are a variety of amenities and features offered at inpatient rehab centers. You may want to research various facilities to find a treatment center that provides the amenities most important to you. Some amenities that you may wish to look for include:
- Private rooms
- Beautiful views
- Gourmet meals
- Massage and spa services
- Nutritional services
- Medical care
- Holistic treatment and therapies
- Program accreditations: Accreditations can help ensure that the treatment center provides a certain standard of care. You may wish to research and compare the accreditations of each facility that you are considering.
- Program rules: Each inpatient treatment center has its own rules and regulations that must be followed. Read through the program rules carefully to ensure they align with your personal philosophy and treatment goals and that you are willing and able to abide by them throughout the treatment process.
- Staff credentials: You may also want to consider the staff credentials when choosing a rehab facility. Ideally, a treatment center will offer comprehensive care with a staff comprising a wide range of skills and backgrounds. Most treatment centers will have a combination of staff available, including doctors, physician assistants, nurses, nurse assistants, psychiatrists, psychologists, counselors, and social workers.
If you or someone you love is struggling with dextroamphetamine addiction, call 800-926-9037 (Who Answers?) to speak with an addiction treatment specialist about inpatient treatment centers near you.
- U.S. National Library of Medicine. (2019, April 15). Dextroamphetamine.
- Shoar, N., Marwaha, R. & Molla, M. (2022, February 7). Dextroamphetamine-Amphetamine.
- Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (2015). Adults with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Substance Use Disorders. SAMHSA Advisory.
- National Institute on Drug Abuse (2018). Principles of Drug Addiction Treatment: A Research Based Guide. Third Edition.
- Mattingly, G., Wilson, J., Ugarte, L. & Glaser, P. (2021, November 4). Individualization of attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder treatment: pharmacotherapy considerations by age and co-occurring conditions. CNS Spectrums, 26(3): 202-221.
- Zulauf, C., Sprich, S., Safren, S. & Wilens, T. (2015, April 29). The Complicated Relationship Between Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder and Substance Use Disorders. Current Psychiatry Reports, 16(3): 436