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Opium is the original opiate. Not nearly as popular as it once was, many people have forgotten about the dangers of using it. Opium is the raw form of heroin and the basis of many painkilling, highly addictive drugs.
Some people choose opium over heroin and other opiates because they think that it is more natural and, therefore, safer. Unfortunately, this is not true. Opium is a highly addictive, dangerous drug that needs the same specialized types of opium addiction treatment as all other opiates, including heroin.
Medications for Opium Addiction
According to the National Library of Medicine, there are three main medications for opium and opiate treatment. These three are:
- Methadone—for maintenance, withdrawal, and detox
- Naloxone—for overdose
- Naltrexone—for relapse prevention
These three drugs are sometimes used in conjunction with other medications in order to help an opium addict through the worst parts of withdrawal and addiction treatment.
There are other drugs that can be useful in treating opium addiction. Two of the most useful are Suboxone and burprenorphine.
According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, buprenorphine is very similar to methadone in that it is able to prevent withdrawal symptoms and maintain a patient who suffers from chronic pain. It is useful in treating people who have an issue taking methadone.
Suboxone is a combination medication that contains both buprenorphine and naloxone. It is excellent for treating relapsing opium addicts because it stops withdrawal and prevents further opium use.
Counseling and Other Approaches
No medication can work alone. In order to truly treat opium or any opiate addiction, you need supportive treatments, such as counseling to maintain sobriety. Counseling will help you discover the cause of the addiction and learn to deal with it.
It can also help you with the repercussions of your addiction. Counselors will help you deal with problems with family and friends as well as the psychological side effects of addiction. Some of these side effects are:
- Post-traumatic stress disorder
- Obsessive compulsive disorder
Some of these are a result of the addiction and some of them might be the cause of the addiction. A counselor helps you work through all of the issues in your life so you do not return to your old habits of using opium.
Inpatient and Outpatient Treatment
All of these treatments may be conducted on an inpatient or outpatient basis depending on your preference. Inpatient opium treatment is a residential treatment where you stay in a treatment facility. They provide everything you need for your recovery and keep you away from your source for opium.
Outpatient treatment allows you to stay at home while you receive treatment. Outpatient treatment is less effective because it does not take you out of the situation, but if you have family obligations, outpatient treatment is helpful.