What is Dextroamphetamine Addiction?
Dextroamphetamine is a prescription stimulant often used to treat ADHD, and narcolepsy, that is commonly given under the brand name Dexedrine. The DEA classifies Dextroamphetamine as a Schedule II substance, meaning it carries a high risk of addiction.
Prescription amphetamines can come in pill or powder form and are usually abused by snorting, injecting, or taking orally.
When used as prescribed by your doctor, Dextroamphetamine is perfectly safe. However, when misused or used without a proper prescription, Dextroamphetamine can cause both physical and psychological dependence in its users.
Since it is a controlled substance, the majority of users will try to get the drug from people who have ADHD. Many users who are unable to get Dextroamphetamine this way will end up turning to easier to find stimulants, such as cocaine, which gives similar results.
Risks of Dextroamphetamine Addiction
When abused, it can create tolerance, psychological dependence, and social disability. Dextroamphetamine abuse carries a high risk of addiction, and a possibility of a drug overdose.
If you suspect someone is suffering from an overdose, call emergency services immediately. During an overdose, the user will experience the following symptoms:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Increased heart rate and breathing rate
- Shortness of breath
- Numbness in limbs
- Mood changes
Alongside the high risk of addiction, this drug can also cause dangerous, long-term side effects in its users:
- Violent behavior
Side Effects of Dextroamphetamine Addiction
Individuals on high doses of this drug will often become excitable and talkative, also experiencing an increase in heart rate and body temperature. Those taking Dextroamphetamine in large doses will often encounter the normal side effects of the drug more intensely:
- Trouble sleeping
- Dry mouth
- Diarrhea or constipation
- Weight loss
- Changes in sex drive
- Severe headaches
Signs of Dextroamphetamine Addiction
Since Dextroamphetamine can be taken by injection, in tablet form, or by snorting, finding any drug paraphernalia is a good indicator that someone is abusing this drug. You may also notice changes in behavior associated with misuse of this drug.
The following behavioral changes are signs of Dextroamphetamine addiction:
- Obsessive-compulsive patterns
- Picking at the skin
What to do if Someone You Love is Abusing Dextroamphetamine
If you know someone who is misusing Dextroamphetamine, or Dexedrine, it is important not to be an enabler. Over half of all people who misuse prescription stimulants do so by getting the drug from a close friend or family member. Talk to a doctor or addiction specialist on how to help a loved one without enabling their behavior.
Users may be in denial about their addiction, as many who abuse Dextroamphetamine or other prescription stimulants believe these drugs can help them perform better in school or in other activities, which is untrue. Abusing this drug without a prescription can be dangerous and life-threatening.
Without the proper treatment, it can be nearly impossible for someone to stop abusing Dextroamphetamine once addicted to it. The best thing you can do is support them through getting inpatient treatment and completing a drug detox program.
Treatment Options Available for Dextroamphetamine Addiction
Most people who suffer from addiction also suffer from additional mental health disorders such as depression, anxiety, PTSD, or schizophrenia. Inpatient treatment options can provide medical oversight for drug detox while treating any underlying mental health problems.
Withdrawal can be treated with different medications, including anti-craving agents and antidepressants, but it is crucial for someone going through this process to receive professional help. A combination of inpatient treatment and therapy will help the patient:
- Build better life skills and habits
- Identify and avoid triggers
- Find ways to manage stress
- Treat co-occurring mental illnesses
- Build confidence and self-worth
Inpatient treatment programs also provide medication-assisted treatment, allowing patients to taper off the drug slowly. Tapering can help reduce withdrawal symptoms, especially for long-term users who may be dependent on Dextroamphetamine.