Crack Cocaine Effects on the Brain
Crack cocaine is crystalized cocaine mixed with other chemicals that is hardened into a rock-like object. When a person uses crack cocaine as their drug of choice, they smoke the rock in a pipe. When the rock is heated it cracks, which is why crack cocaine is called ‘crack.’
Since crack is smoked, the drug reaches a user’s brain quickly, causing a potent rush of euphoria to form throughout a user’s body. When it reaches the brain, crack mainly impacts the user’s reward system and dopamine levels in their brain, resulting in them feeling confident, energized and happier.
According to the Center for Substance Abuse Research, crack causes extra amounts of dopamine in a user’s brain. As a result of the excess dopamine, the psychological effects of crack can be extremely reinforcing. Users of crack rapidly develop intense cravings for the drug since their brain’s reward system has been altered.
One of the worst crack cocaine effects that can occur in a user’s brain is addiction. Addiction is a chronic brain disease that will result in the user compulsively seeking out and using crack despite of the consequences that are happening from their drug abuse problem.
Crack Cocaine Effects on the Body
Crack cocaine will have a variety of effects on a user’s body. First and foremost, crack will immediately increase a user’s heart rate, which can result in sudden cardiac arrest. Furthermore, crack can also cause a user to experience seizures from its effects on the nervous system.
According to the Center for Substance Abuse Research, the high from crack cocaine begins immediately after drug is inhaled and will last about 5 to 15 minutes. Effects of crack include hyper stimulation, increased breathing, paranoia, anxiety, euphoria, increased heart rate, dilated pupils and depression.
In addition, crack abuse can cause a user to lose sleep, which will result in a person’s immune system malfunctioning, and crack use will cause a user’s pupils to dilate, and can cause their eyes to swell. Crack abuse can also cause a person to have uncontrollable twitching and will cause a person to become extremely active. Moreover, crack cocaine can cause a person’s teeth damage and can cause a person to forget to eat and drink, resulting in malnutrition and rapid weight loss.
All in all, crack cocaine effects can cause long-term and short-term problems to a user’s brain and body, and some of these effects are extremely dangerous.